Research and Resources

Explore sustainability-related research and resources here, including recently released reports, journal articles, online tools and databases. Use the left sidebar to filter resources by theme.

This article explains the technological changes behind the three-fold increase in global crop production between 1961 and 2014 - that is, since the Green Revolution. It examines the 58 countries that are responsible for 95 per cent of food production and assesses the impacts of changes in land use, inputs and efficiency. 

The feed behind our food

By Robert Lyons on 12th February 2018

The Protein Challenge 2040 new report sets out why retailers and food service businesses should act on sustainability in animal feed, focusing on food security, changing public attitudes and the potential business opportunities.

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This paper presents the findings of a food systems model that considers how specific agronomic characteristics of organic agriculture could be harnessed so as to enable it to play a greater role in sustainable food systems.

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This new paper by FCRN member Elin Röös , the FCRN’s Tara Garnett and colleagues explores the following questions: What would be the implications, for land use and greenhouse gas emissions, if our global population moved away from eating beef and other ruminant meats and switched mostly to chicken? What if we all went vegan? What if all our meat demand were met by artificial meat?

Grazed and confused?

By Robert Lyons on 4th October 2017

A new report by the Food and Climate Research Network examines claims made by different stakeholders in the debate about so called ‘grass-fed’ beef, the greenhouse gases the animals emit, and the possibility that, through their grazing actions, they can help remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

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This paper in the Journal of Cleaner Production examines claims that buying 'local food' provides ecological, health and socio-economic benefits. A selection of 14 local and global food products in four sectors within four European countries. The paper finds that 'global foods' presented substantial advantages in terms of climate change mitigation and affordability to consumers.

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Impact of palm oil production on orangutans in Borneo

By Robert Lyons on 30th August 2017

A new report by the International Institute for Environment and Development examines the impact of the palm oil industry, which has contributed significantly to the economic development of Indonesia and Malaysia, but has also caused widespread deforestation of ecosystems renowned for their biodiversity, as well as conflicts with indigenous peoples.

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Most countries lose out with forest-to-farm conversions

By Robert Lyons on 30th August 2017

Study finds deforestation in Latin America, insular South-East Asia (which include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Timor Leste) and Madagascar derived low agricultural benefits and high environmental costs.

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This modelling study, published in Nature Plants, suggests that while climate change could have a serious adverse effect on current coffee-growing areas, a shift of production to uphill areas could increase production fourfold. 

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This thematic issue of Science for Environment Policy presents recent peer-reviewed research examining the impact of AES on European farming, with a particular focus on biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. AES have been shown to benefit a range of animals and plants by increasing the number of individuals and species. However, as with all measurements involving complex ecosystems, the findings and causal links are nuanced, and sometimes difficult to isolate.

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