Research and Resources

Explore sustainability-related research and resources here, including recently released reports, journal articles, online tools and databases. Use the left sidebar to filter resources by theme.

Sustainable Mobility through Fuel Cells and H2

By Robert Lyons on 30th August 2017

In 2050, 113million fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) could save up to 68 million tonnes of fuel and almost 200 million tonnes of carbon emissions. As such, they could make a significant contribution to reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector. That is the conclusion reached in a study produced by Shell and the Wuppertal Institute jointly and which now has been translated into English.

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Sustainability of liquid biofuels

By Robert Lyons on 18th July 2017

A new report by the Royal Academy of Engineering suggests that the UK should focus on the use of waste for the production of biofuels rather than crops that might displace food production. The authors argue that ncentives should be given to farmers to increase production of fuel crops like Miscanthus on marginal land and note that even with the greater use of electric vehicles, biofuels will still be needed for aviation and heavy goods.

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A new paper for Nature Scientific Reports arguest that while diesel-engined vehicles are currently a major source of particulate pollution, modern diesel vehicles actually produce lower levels of such emissions than petrol-engined cars. Whether gasoline or diesel cars are more polluting depends on the pollutant in question - in other words, that diesel cars are not necessarily worse polluters than gasoline cars.

This briefing sets out why the scale of the air pollution problem in the UK requires a bolder and more holistic approach, which involves moving away from diesel vehicles (in favour of petrol and, ultimately, hybrid and electric alternatives), as well as a shift from private car ownership to car sharing schemes, public transport, walking and cycling. Not only could these shifts save thousands of lives, they could also drive improvements in two of the government’s other transport objectives: a reduction in congestion, and a reduction in road-based CO2 emissions.

What impact can hydrogen and fuel cell technologies have in addressing the energy trilemma: energy security, energy cost, and CO2 emissions?

The H2FC SUPERGEN commissioned four evidence-based White Papers to inform key stakeholders, especially policy makers, of the roles and potential benefits of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in addressing:

A new report by the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee argues that the government needs to set out new modelling on air quality following the High Court’s latest ruling and a new approach to air quality post 2019; an emissions reduction strategy that will allow the UK’s carbon budgets to be met; and effective noise mitigation measures enforced by an Independent Aviation Noise Authority. The Government must not allow our air quality standards to be watered down as a result of leaving the EU.

The Low Emission Bus Guide

By Robert Lyons on 9th November 2016

The Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) has produced a new guide to low emission buses that is intended to equip bus operators and local authorities with information to aid purchasing decisions, and encourage the adoption of the most appropriate low emission bus technology and associated infrastructure for particular routes and applications. 

The Guide includes real-world bus operator case studies to highlight and demonstrate the environmental and business cases for the range of different technologies and fuels. 

The aim of the three-year cycle BOOM project, funded by the EPSRC under the UK Research Council’s Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Programme, was to develop a better understanding of how the design of the built environment and technology shapes engagement with, and experience of cycling as people get older and how this affects their independent mobility, health and wellbeing.

CPRE’s sixth paper in its Housing Foresight Series develops the idea of Public Transport Oriented Development – an approach that seeks to integrate land use and transport planning in a sustainable manner.  Effective coordination across many authorities can result in better access to, and take-up of, public transport through the development of high density residential areas close to stations/commuter belts. 

Two new reports investigate ‘smart-eco’ policy trends in the UK and the Netherlands, including case studies of 10 UK cities and four Dutch ones.

The concept of the ‘smart-eco’ city reflects what is often a large overlap between the newer ‘smart’ agenda (usually focusing on areas such as ICT, urban infrastructure and governance) and the existing sustainability agenda (covering areas such as energy, waste management and mobility as well as economic development).

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